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Information on INDIA  


  Union Territories Capitals
  Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
  Chandigarh Chandigarh
  Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa
  Daman and Diu Daman
  Lakshadweep Kavaratti
  NationalCapital Territory of Delhi Delhi
  Puducherry(Pondicherry) Pondicherry
  States Capitals
  Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad
  Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
  Assam Dispur
  Bihar Patna
  Chhattisgarh Raipur
  Goa Panjim
  Gujarat Ahmedabad
  Haryana Chandigarh(shared, Union Territory)
  Himachal Pradesh Hindi
  Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
  Jharkhand Ranchi
  Karnataka Bangalore
  Kerala

Thiruvananthpuram

  Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
  Maharashtra Mumbai
  Manipur Imphal
  Meghalaya Shillong
  Mizoram Aizawl
  Nagaland Kohima
  Odisha [5](Orissa) Bhubaneswar
  Punjab Chandigar(shared,
UnionTerritory)
  Rajasthan Jaipur
  Sikkim Gangtok
  Tamil Nadu Chennai
  Tripura Agartala
  Uttar Pradesh Lucknow
  Uttarakhand Dehradun (interim)
  West Bengal Kolkata
   

India is a country located in southern Asia. With over 1.2 billion people, India is the most populous democracy in the world.
It is a federalconstitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories.[1] All states, as well as the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model. The remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the centre through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis.[2] Since then, their structure has remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts.

  1. Shilong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1971.[3]

  2. Shilong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1971.[3] Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two states.[4]

  3. Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.[6]

  4. The Kingdom of Mysore along with Kannada speaking regions of the Madras Presidency were merged into a separate state, which was redrawn as Mysore State in 1956. Mysore state was renamed Karnataka in 1973.[7].

  5. Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar which was a province from 1861 until 1950.[8] Central Province became the major constituent of Madhya Pradesh, after it was formed in 1950.[8] Nagpur remained the capital of the new state.[9] In 1956, Berar (Vidarbha) was separated from Madhya Pradesh, and merged with the Bombay State. Nagpur thus lost the status of a capital city. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.[10].

  6. Mumbai / Bombay was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that Bombay became the capital of Bombay State. Subsequently, Bombay State was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.

  7. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.[10] Although an official notification to this effect was only given in 1988. The India yearbook of the government of India still does not mention Nagpur, being either the second or winter capital of Maharashtra.

  8. Under the Nagpur pact, one of the preconditions for Vidarbha joining the state of Maharastra was that, at least one of the legislative sessions every year should be held in Nagpur. The winter session is held in Nagpur.[11]

  9. Lahore was the capital of Punjab province of British India.[12] It is now a part of Pakistan.

  10. Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.[13]

  11. Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Madras State in 1956. Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968.

  12. Dehradun is the provisional capital of Uttarakhand. The town of Gairsen is envisaged as the state's new capital.[14]

    "Dharamshala" is the winter capital of Himachal Pradesh.
 
Map Name ISO 3166-2 code[2] Population Area
(km2)
Official
language(s)
Capital Largest city
(if not capital)
Population density Literacy Rate(%) Percentage of Urban Population to total Population Sex Ratio
1 Andhra Pradesh AP 84,665,533 275,045 Telugu,
Urdu,
English
Hyderabad   308 67.66 27.3 992
2 Arunachal Pradesh AR 1,382,611 83,743 English Itanagar   17 66.95 20.8 920
3 Assam AS 31,169,272 78,550 Assamese,
 Bengali;
Regional:Bodo
Dispur Guwahati 397 73.18 12.9 954
4 Bihar BR 103,804,637 99,200 Hindi,
 Magadh,
 Maithili
Urdu
Patna   1,102 63.82 10.5 916[3]
5 Chhattisgarh CT 25,540,196 135,194 ChattisgarhiHindi Raipur   189 71.04 20.1 991
6 Goa GA 1,457,723 3,702 Konkani Panjim   394 87.40 62.2 968
7 Gujarat GJ 60,383,628 196,024 Gandhinagar Ahmedabad   308 79.31 37.4 918
8 Haryana HR 25,353,081 44,212 Hindi, 
Haryanvi
(regional)
Chandigarh
(shared, Union Territory)
Faridabad 573 76.64 28.9 877
9 Himachal Pradesh HP 6,856,509 55,673 55,673 Hindi Shimla 123 83.78 9.8 920
10 Jammu and Kashmir JK 12,548,926 222,236 Dogri
Kashmiri
Urdu
[4]
Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
  124 68.74 24.8 883
11 Jharkhand JH 32,966,238 74,677 Hindi Ranchi Jamshedpur 414 67.63 22.2 947
12 Karnataka KH 61,130,704 191,791 Kannada Bangalore   319 75.60 34.0 968
13 Kerala KL 33,387,677 38,863 Malayalam, English

Thiru
vananth
puram

  859 93.91 26.0 1,084
14 Madhya Pradesh MP 72,597,565 308,252 Hindi Bhopal Indore 236 70.63 26.5 930
15 Maharashtra MH 112,372,972 307,713 Marathi Mumbai   365 82.91 42.4 925
16 Manipur MN 2,721,756 22,347 Manipuri Imphal   122 79.85 25.1 987
17 Meghalaya ML 2,964,007 22,720 EnglishGaro, Hindi, KhasiPnar Shillong   132 75.48 19.6 986
18 Mizoram MZ 1,091,014 21,081 Mizo Aizawl 52 91.58   975
19 Nagaland NL 1,980,602 16,579 English Kohima Dimapur 119 80.11 17.2 931
20 Odisha [5](Orissa) OR 41,947,358 155,820 Oriya Bhubaneswar   269 73.45 15.0 978
21 Punjab PB 27,704,236 50,362 Punjabi Chandigar
(shared,
Union
Territory)
Ludhiana 550 76.68 33.9 893
22 Rajasthan RJ 68,621,012 342,269 Hindi Jaipur   201 67.06 23.4 926
23 Sikkim SK 607,688 7,096

Nepali
Bhutia
Gurun

Lepch
,
Limbu,
 Manggar,
 Newari
Sherpa,
Sunwar
 Tamang

Gangtok   86 82.20 11.1 889
24 Tamil Nadu TN 72,138,958 130,058 Tamil Chennai   480 80.33 44.0 995
25 Tripura TP 3,671,032 10,492 BengaliTripuri Agartala   350 87.75 17.1 961
26 Uttar Pradesh UP 199,581,477 243,286 HindiUrdu[6] Lucknow   828 69.72 20.8 908
27 Uttarakhand UT 10,116,752 53,566 Hindi, Sanskrit Dehradun (interim)   189 79.63 25.7 963
28 West Bengal WB 91,347,736 88,752 Bengali, English Kolkata   1,029 77.08 28.0 947
                       


Union Territories


Map Name ISO 3166-2 code[2] Population Official
language(s)
Capital Largest city
No. of Villages No. of Towns Population density Literacy Rate(%) Percentage of Urban Population to total Population Sex Ratio
1 Andaman and
Nicobar Islands
AN 379,944 English Port Blair   547 3 46 86.27 32.6 878
2 Chandigarh CH 1,054,686 English, Hindi,Punjabi Chandigarh   24 1 9,252 86.43 89.8 818
3 Dadra and
Nagar Haveli
DN 342,853 EnglishGujarati, Hindi, Marathi Silvassa   70 2 698 77.65 22.9 775
4 Daman and Diu DD 242,911 EnglishGujarati, Hindi, Marathi Daman   23 2 2169 87.07 36.2 618
5 Lakshadweep   64,429 English,Malayalam Kavaratti   24 3 2013 92.28 44.5 996
6 National
Capital Territory
of Delhi
  16,753,235 English, Hindi,Punjabi, Urdu Delhi   165 62 11,297 86.34 93.2 866
7 Puducherry
(Pondicherry)
  1,244,464 French and Tamil; Regional: Malayalam, Telugu Pondicherry   92 6 2,598 86.55 66.6 1,038